Xylocaine 2% and/or Equivalents
|Drug||Related Drug Names|
|Xylocaine 2% 20mg/mL and/or Equivalents||Lidocaine Injection, Lidocaine Multi Dose Vial, Xylocaine 2% MDV, Xylocaine Parenteral Solution|
Xylocaine 2% Drug Description
Xylocaine 2% is the brand name of a medication that is commonly used as a local anaesthetic for a wide range of indications. The medicine works by creating a numbing effect on the applied area. Local anaesthesia is safely applied to provide relief from pain and discomfort in various skin conditions. The medicine is also extensively used to numb a particular area before surgery and also during certain medical procedures and examinations. Xylocaine 2% is available as a viscous solution for injection and jelly. The chief ingredient in Xylocaine 2% is lidocaine hydrochloride monohydrate. Xylocaine 2% injections are available as nonpyrogenic, sterile viscous solutions that may or may not contain epinephrine. It is supplied in quantities of 100ml and 450 ml as multiple dose vials. Xylocaine 2% jelly is an aqueous solution in available quantities of 50ml. It is available in aluminium tube with a separate applicator cone. Xylocaine 2% is manufactured by AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals and distributed by Zuellig Pharma.
Conditions Treated by Xylocaine 2%
Xylocaine 2% injections are administered to produce local anaesthesia by infiltration procedures like percutaneous injections. It is also indicated for producing regional anaesthesia through intravenous methods. Xylocaine 2% jelly is indicated in the production of topical anaesthesia for alleviating pain in urethritis. It is also used as a numbing lubricant during endotracheal intubation and in painful medical procedures of the urethra during cystoscopy. It is also used during endoscopic procedures like bronchoscopy and gastroscopy. Xylocaine 2% jelly is also applied in children to alleviate pain during circumcision.
Xylocaine 2% Dosage Information
a.) Typical dosage recommendations
Xylocaine 2% is a prescription medication and should be administered only when advised by a physician. Hence, typical dosage may be influenced by different criteria like age, past and present medical history, physical condition etc which are taken into consideration by your physician while prescribing Xylocaine 2%. However, the typical dosage for a normal and healthy adult should not be more than 4.5mg/kg of the patient’s body weight. The maximum limit of the total dose applied should not be more than 300mg. In case continuous caudal or epidermal anaesthesia is required, the recommended maximum dosage of Xylocaine 2% should never be injected at intervals of less than one and half hours. However, if the anaesthesia is required for a non-obstetric purpose, the dosage of the medication may be increased. In case of application of regional anaesthesia through intravenous route, the maximum recommended dose should be within 4mg/kg of body weight for adults. Typical dosage for Xylocaine 2% jelly should not exceed 600mg within a twelve hour period. If the medication is administered concomitantly with other medications having lidocaine, the combined dose of the different formulations should be considered. Xylocaine jelly provides profound and effective anaesthesia of approximately twenty to thirty minutes within five minutes of application. The ideal dose depends on the area to be anaesthetised, tolerance level of the patient, gravity of the emergency situation and the technique used for applying the anaesthetic. The lowest dosage is always administered and a further reduced dose is used for paediatric and geriatric patients.
b.) Missing a dose
Xylocaine 2% is a need based medication. Your physician knows the best possible step to be taken in case a dose of Xylocaine 2% injection or jelly has been overlooked.
Since Xylocaine 2% is an anaesthetic, an overdose of this medication affects the Central Nervous System (CNS) and system-toxic reactions can be seen almost immediately within a few seconds to a few minutes). Typical symptoms include hypotension, respiratory difficulties, visual disturbances, dizziness, nausea, tremor, seizures, agitation bradycardia etc. Usual overdose symptoms can also include high levels of plasma that is commonly encountered during treatment with topical anaesthetics.
Xylocaine 2% Warnings
Xylocaine 2% is a local anaesthetic and should by administered only by physicians who are familiar with diagnosis and the management of dose-related complications and other severe emergencies. Immediate availability of oxygen, medications for emergency resuscitation and equipments of cardiopulmonary treatment should be ensured while administering Xylocaine 2%. There should be adequate number of trained personnel around to handle the situation in case of overdose or any other emergency situation arising out of Xylocaine 2% administration. Poor ventilation or delay in efficient management of dose-related toxicity can cause cardiac arrest which may even become fatal. The minimum dose that is effective in anaesthetizing a patient satisfactorily should always be administered to avoid overdosing or increased plasma levels in the patient. Xylocaine 2% should always be used with extreme caution in patients who have a history of cardiovascular impairment. Local anaesthetics may react with particular metals and proper precautions should be followed so that there is no prolonged contact between Xylocaine 2% and metal equipments, bowls, syringes, cannulae etc. Since Xylocaine 2% injection contains no antimicrobial agent, the medication should be used immediately after opening the vial and any residual medicine must be discarded. Xylocaine 2% should be used with caution in pregnant or lactating women, children and aged patients after careful consideration of all risk factors. Both Xylocaine 2% injection and jelly should be stored below 250C in a cool and dark place and never refrigerated.
Xylocaine 2% Side Effects
Generally, adverse effects to topical anaesthetics like Xylocaine 2% are not very common. However, like all other medications, this preparation too has its side effects which include the following:
Side effects on the CNS
- Double or blurred vision
- Sensations numbness or heat or cold
- Vomiting tendency
- Respiratory depression even leading to cardiac arrest
Cardiovascular side effects
- Collapse in the cardiovascular system leading to cardiac arrest
A patient may suffer from allergic reactions that are characterized by urticaria, oedema or cutaneous lesions either due to the active ingredient lidocaine or due to sensitivity to other inactive ingredients present in Xylocaine 2%.
Xylocaine 2% Drug Interactions
Interactions between the active and inactive ingredients of different medications are common and Xylocaine 2% is no exception. Drugs like cimetidine may slow down the metabolism of lidocaine leading to a potentially toxic level of plasma concentration in the patient’s body. Xylocaine 2% should be used carefully with other topical anaesthetics or category IB antiarrhythic medications.
If you have any questions about buying discount Xylocaine 2% online or any other prescription products you can contact our team of professional Patient Service Representatives or one of our pharmacists 24-7 by calling 1-800-226-3784.
Notice: The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.