Primaquine and/or Equivalents
|Drug||Related Drug Names|
|Primaquine 15mg and/or Equivalents||Primaquine|
Primaquine Drug Description
Primaquine is an oral medication tablet that is primarily made up of Primaquine Phosphate. The drug also contains several inactive ingredients like Carnauba wax, Hydroxypropyl Methycellulose, Lactose, Magnesium Stearate, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Polyethylene Glycol 400, Polysorbate 80, Pregelatinized Starch, Red Ferric Oxide, Talc, Titanium Dioxide.
Conditions Treated by Primaquine
Primaquine is an anti-malarial drug and is often used in the treatment of malaria. It can be used both for the treatment and prevention of Malaria and may also be prescribed when patients have the potential to contract the disease due to location problems. Doctors may sometimes suggest Primaquine for other medical conditions too. In this case the drug may be used in combination with other drugs to treat various health problems.
Primaquine Dosage Information
a.) Typical dosage recommendations
The dose may vary depending on the extent of a person’s illness, age and gender. It is important to consume the medicine exactly as prescribed by your doctor. It is safer to have the medicine with a full glass of water and also along with food to lessen the effect on the stomach and related problems. Furthermore, the dosage will also vary depending on whether a patient is being treated for the disease or being given the medicine as a preventive measure.
b.) Missing a dose
If you miss a dose it may worsen the symptoms you suffer from. However, as soon as you realize you have missed a dose consult your doctor. In certain cases you may be advised to take another dose to replace the missed dose. However, if there isn’t a lot of time left between the next actual dose then do not take a replacement dose. Double doses may lead to further complications if taken within a short period of time. Always check with your doctor first before taking a dose or skipping one due to time lapse. If a patient is suffering from a severe case of Malaria then a missed dose may lead to the worsening of symptoms.
If you consume too much medicine within too short a period of time it may lead to an overdose. In some cases immediate hospitalization will be required. Overdose in the case of anti-malarial drugs may not be fatal but will lead to other complications in the short term period. Usual symptoms of an overdose include extreme nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and uncontrolled diarrhea. If you experience any of these symptoms it is advisable to contact your doctor and seek medical help immediately.
Always get an allergy test done before you begin using the medicine regularly. Certain inactive ingredients in the medicine may cause different kinds of allergic reactions. If you are allergic to any of the ingredients of the drug, your doctor may need to prescribe another anti-malarial drug or intravenous form of the medication. It is safer to avoid physical activities that require complete focus and attention like driving or jogging alone while beginning the dosage for the first time. Always give the medicine time to adjust to your body before performing any activity that requires thorough concentration. If you have a history of allergic reactions to other medications of any kind then it is safer to avoid Primaquine. Inform your doctor if you are aware of any of these allergies. Doctors may accordingly decide to administer intravenous medication instead. If you suffer from a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency then avoid taking Primaquine. Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and similar diseases should avoid the medicine because it may worsen the existing medical condition or the medication may interact with other arthritis medicines you are already on. If you suffer from Lupus Erythematosus or Quinacrine therapy then avoid the medicine. If you suffer from any of the other medical conditions mentioned above then Primaquine may be taken in lower doses though only in exceptional cases and only under strict medical supervision. Always consult your doctor while taking the medication when pregnant or nursing a new born baby. The medicine may pass into the breast milk and eventually affect the new born baby. It is not advisable to administer this medicine to children below the age of 10. Lower doses may be administered but only under strict supervision.
Primaquine Side Effects
Primaquine tablets may lead to side effects in some patients, although it is not common for patients to suffer from side effects. Some of the most common side effects include allergic reactions to the drug like facial swelling, swelling of the tongue and cheeks or lips, problems in the throat or swallowing, problems with vision, extreme rash or itching. Some patients may experience a severe discolouration of the urine. Other minor and commonly observed symptoms include nausea, vomiting, extreme change in appetite may occur with the medicine and through therapy. Although these are the most common types of side effects, patients may suffer from other discomforts and side effects too. It is important for patients to report any kind of discomfort to their doctor immediately, especially if it persists for more than a few hours or worsens after taking the medication regularly. The medicine may also lead to stomach problems like upset stomach or diarrhea. Sometimes patients may not be suffering from direct side effects but in fact symptoms related to the disease. It is therefore always better to consult a doctor every time you suffer from any discomfort while on the medication for better clarity. It is very rare for doctors to discontinue the medication due to side effects. At the most doctors may choose to change the dosage or administer an injection. Most anti-malarial drugs contain similar ingredients so all kinds of medicine under this category may lead to similar side effects if any.
Primaquine Drug Interactions
Several drugs may interact with Primaquine. It is important to discuss all the medications you take along with Primaquine with your doctor. Certain health supplements and vitamins may affect your condition or interact with the drug. If you are currently taking medicines like Quinacrine (Atabrine) it may cause interactions because both the drugs are similar. Always double check the potential of drug interactions before beginning any new medication while on Primaquine.
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Notice: The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.