Estrace and/or Equivalents
|Drug||Related Drug Names|
|Estrace 0.5mg and/or Equivalents||Estrace|
|Estrace 1mg and/or Equivalents||Estrace|
|Estrace 2mg and/or Equivalents||Estrace|
Estrace Drug Description
Estrace is a form of oestrogen, a female sex hormone secreted by the ovaries. The generic name of the medication is estradiol. Estradiol is a crystalline solid, white in colour. The non-medicinal components in Estrace are colloidal silicon dioxide, dibasic calcium phosphate, magnesium stearate, sodium starch glycolate, lactose monohydrate and cornstarch. Estrace is available in the form of 0.5mg, 1 mg and 2 mg tablets. The 1 mg tablets contain FD&C blue no. 1 Aluminium Lake and D&C red no. 27 Aluminium Lake, in addition to the other ingredients. The 2 mg tablets contain FD&C blue no. 1 Aluminium Lake and FD&C yellow no. 5 (tartrazine) Aluminium Lake. Each tablet is oval and has a flat surface. The 0.5 mg tablets are white to off-white in colour. The 1 mg tablets are light purple in colour. The 2 mg tablets are green in colour.
Conditions Treated by Estrace
The hormone oestrogen is essential for many processes in the body. Physicians prescribe Estrace to treat several symptoms associated with menopause in women. The symptoms include hot flushes, burning and irritation in the vagina and vaginal dryness. Physicians recommend Estrace for prevention of osteoporosis in women after menopause and for replacing oestrogen in women whose ovaries do not function properly. In addition, Estrace is essential in cancer treatment for both women and men. Estrace is effective against breast cancer, metastatic disease and androgen dependent prostate cancer.
Mysoline Dosage Information
The dose of the medication depends upon the nature and severity of the condition. It is crucial to follow the doctor's recommendation for taking the medication.
a.) Typical dosage recommendations
For conditions like dryness and irritation in the vagina, physicians generally administer the lowest dose to treat the patient. It is advisable to discontinue medication for the patient as soon as the symptoms disappear. The range of dosage of Estrace varies between 1 mg and 2 mg, depending upon the severity of the condition. Doctors prescribe 1 mg to 2 mg of Estrace to treat ovarian failure. It may be necessary to determine the minimum dose required by titration. Physicians may prescribe up to10 mg of Estrace three times a day to patients suffering from breast cancer. The treatment may continue for 3 months. The recommended dosage of Estrace for treating prostate cancer is 1 mg to 2 mg three times a day. Physicians may determine the efficacy of the treatment by the phosphatase test. Oestrogen therapy may be instrumental in preventing osteoporosis in women after menopause. Physicians ought to conduct tests to ascertain if an individual has a risk of developing osteoporosis before recommending Estrace.
b.) Missing a dose
It is vital to maintain regularity in taking the medication for your condition for effective treatment. If you miss a dose, take your medication as soon as you remember. However, do not take it, if it is almost time for the next dose. Continue your usual schedule with the following dose.
Overdosing on Estrace may induce nausea and vomiting. In addition, it may cause vaginal bleeding in women. Call the local poison centre for assistance, if you suspect an overdose.
It is important to let your doctor know if you take medication for any other condition. It is inadvisable to take Estrace, if you have liver disease, gall bladder problems, under active thyroid glands, asthma, kidney disease, epilepsy, visual abnormalities, migraines, uterine cancer, heart disease or an abnormal vaginal bleeding. Moreover, a person having blood clots in the lungs should not take the medication. It is important to inform your doctor if you have a familial history of blood clots. Since Estrace may cause damage to an unborn baby, it is inadvisable to use the medication in pregnancy. A long-term treatment with the medication may increase the chances of contracting ovarian cancer, uterine cancer and breast cancer. Your doctor may prescribe another hormone called progestin with Estrace for treating several conditions. The use of progestin with Estrace may lower the risk of acquiring uterine cancer. It is important to have mammograms and other examinations for several types of cancer while on medication with Estrace.
Estrace Side Effects
Clinical research has established several categories of adverse effects among subjects taking Estrace. Side effects related to the genitourinary system include abnormal bleeding or spotting, vaginitis, vaginal candidiasis, cancer of the ovaries, endometrial cancer and endometrial hyperplasia. Estrace may cause tenderness and enlargement of the breasts, galactorrhoea, fibrocystic changes in the breast and breast cancer. Estrace may affect the cardiovascular system adversely. The effects include superficial and deep vein thrombosis, myocardial infarction, stroke, thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism and hypertension. The gastrointestinal system may develop complications after taking Estrace, as well. These include nausea, abdominal cramps, flatulence, jaundice, pancreatitis and gall bladder disease. Estrace may affect the skin adversely causing problems like rash, urticaria, eruptions, hirsutism and loss of scalp hair. The eyes may develop problems like increase in corneal curvature and retinal thrombosis. Side effects to the central nervous system include migraine, dizziness, depression, mood changes, epilepsy and dementia. There could be general adverse effects like increase or decrease in body weight, decrease in carbohydrate tolerance, oedema, leg cramps, arthralgies, asthma and increase in triglycerides. The list of side effects is not complete. You may experience other effects, as well. Discuss with your doctor for advice on alleviating your side effects. A very serious adverse effect is an allergic reaction to oestrogen or any of the inactive components in the medication. Symptoms of an allergic attack include rashes on the neck and face, swelling of the lips, throat, tongue or face. Call the local poison centre for emergency assistance, should you experience any of these signs.
Estrace Drug Interactions
Other drugs may interact with Estrace to reduce its efficacy or increase the adverse effects of the medication. Inform your doctor about all medications (prescription and herbal products) you might be taking. Studies have shown that cytochrome P450 (CYP3A4) metabolizes oestrogen. Hence, inhibitors and inducers of CYP3A4 can affect the metabolism of oestrogen. Inhibitors like clarithromycin, erythromycin, itraconazole, ketoconazole and ritonavir may interact with Estrace. On the other hand, inducers of CYP3A4 like phenobarbitol, hypericum perforatum, rifampin and carbamazepine may interact with Estrace, as well. Aromatase inhibitors like anastrozole, letrozole, raloxefene, toremifene, exemestane, fulvestrant, tamoxifen can interact with Estrace. Estrace may also interfere with certain laboratory tests like the metyrapone test to furnish inaccurate and misleading results. Ensure that the health professional recommending the test knows that you use Estrace.
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Notice: The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.